[Mission 2023] SECURE SYNOPSIS: 21 September 2022 – INSIGHTSIAS – Insights IAS

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NOTE: Please remember that following ‘answers’ are NOT ‘model answers’. They are NOT synopsis too if we go by definition of the term. What we are providing is content that both meets demand of the question and at the same time gives you extra points in the form of background information.
 
 
 
Topic: Role of women and women’s organization
1. How has the society changed to accommodate the aspirations and ambitions of young women? Do you think modern women have more opportunities to succeed? (250 words)
Difficulty level: Tough
Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India
Why the question:
young women in India today can stand on the shoulders of the pioneering women from their mothers’ days. For, India and the world today are more congenial to women and to their success.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the changes in society which has led to accommodate women’s ambition and if it gives more opportunities for women to succeed.
Structure of the answer:
Introduction:
Begin by giving context of changing dynamics of the society with respect to women.
Body:
First, write about the major changes witnessed in the recent past that has been more accommodating of the ambitions and aspirations of young women. Cite factors responsible for such change.
Next, write about the opportunities for women and their ability to succeed in the present day. Write about the limitations or hindrances to their success.
Conclusion:
Conclude by writing a balanced opinion.
 
Introduction
Gender equality in India is the most desired state of form, which our Nation is craving to have for since long. Gender equality is no more a moral pressure or social issue but also a social, economic challenge.  Gender Equality leads to human development and the overall development of the Nation. India being a Nation full of achievement, still lacks few appreciations in the case of Gender Equality in India.
Body
In India, discriminatory attitudes towards males or females have existed for generations and affect both lives. Although the Indian constitution has granted both men and women equal rights, gender disparities continue to live and rule. Indian society has always been the hub of this discrimination, making women its victim. In the land where women are Goddess’s, the same Nation leaves a blot of atrocities and inequality.  It is a sad truth of society.
Challenges faced by women in India
Changing times and opportunities for women
 
Conclusion and way forward
 
 
 
Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
2. The basic structure doctrine constitutes a high watermark in the assertion of the Supreme Court’s judicial power in the teeth of a determined majoritarian regime. Discuss. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Easy
Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India
Why the question:
Over the past week, the media has been faithfully reporting proceedings before a Bench of five judges of the Supreme Court as to whether the Constitution 103rd Amendment Act, 2019 violates the “basic structure of the Constitution”. After the hearing is over, the judges will render their decision
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the importance of doctrine of basic structure.
Directive word: 
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Introduction: 
To write about the importance of doctrine of basic structure.
Body:
First, write about the various features of doctrine of basic structure – rule of law, parliamentary form of government, secularism etc.
Next, write about how the above is important I upholding the supremacy of the Constitution and preventing authoritarian rule by a single party.
Conclusion:
Conclude by summarising.
 
Introduction
The Doctrine of Basic structure, one of the most important examples of judicial activism is the result of the creative interpretation of the constitution by the judiciary. It was given by the 13-judges bench of the Supreme Court in the Keshavananda Bharti case (1973), and was aimed at defining the scope of the amending power of the Parliament. It is a doctrine to examine the constitutional validity of constitutional amendment.
Body
Interpretation and relevance of Basic Structure Doctrine
Significance of Basic Structure Doctrine
Conclusion
Zia Modi, in her book ‘The Ten Judgments that changed India’, has given following arguments- Although the judiciary was wrong from the academic point of view, but from the practical point of view, it was the need of the time in the Indian context. (ii) It has proved to be a blessing in disguise as it has checked authoritarianism of the government. This has stopped India from going on the path of the other Third World countries.
Value addition
Evolution
 
Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
3. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCOs) purpose is increasingly in question, considering the fact that there are serious internal disagreements and suspicions within the group. Analyse. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Insights on India
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the issues in SCO and its impact on the overall efficacy of the organisation.
Directive word: 
Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Introduction: 
Begin by writing about aims and objectives of SCO.
Body:
In the first part, write about the various disagreements withing the SCO – India-China, Russia-China, Impact of Ukraine war, lack of consensus etc
Next, Highlight the importance of SCO for India – focus on the advantages that India can gain in bilateral relations and in the larger Eurasian region.
Next, write the measures that need to be taken to enhance the efficacy of SCO.
Conclusion:
Conclude with a way forward.
 
Introduction
Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a permanent intergovernmental international organization. It’s a Eurasian political, economic and military organization aiming to maintain peace, security and stability in the region. It was created in 2001. The SCO Charter was signed in 2002, and entered into force in 2003.
Body
Disagreements within SCO
Significance of SCO for India
Way forward
 
Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
4. Do you think the Non-Proliferation of nuclear weapons (NPT) has been effective enough to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons? State your opinion. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Tough
Reference: Insights on IndiaInsights on India.
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the efficacy of NPT in preventing the proliferation of nuclear weapons.
Directive:
Structure of the answer:
Introduction: 
Begin by giving the aims and objectives of NPT and context of its inception.
Body:
First, write about the successes of NPT in preventing the proliferation of nuclear weapons – cite examples to substantiate your points.
Next, write about the limitations of the NPT in the checking the growth and spread of the nuclear weapons – Cite facts and examples.
Conclusion:
Conclude by writing a balanced opinion regarding NPT.
Introduction
The Non-Proliferation of nuclear weapons (NPT) is a multilateral treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons including three elements – Non-proliferation, Disarmament, Peaceful use of nuclear energy. The treaty was signed in 1968 and entered into force in 1970. The Treaty does not affect the right of state parties to develop, produce, and use nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. India is one of the only five countries that either did not sign the NPT or signed but withdrew.
The Tenth Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in last week of August 2022 in New York.
Body
NPT’s success and weakness:
Success:
Weakness:
Way forward
 
 
 
Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
5. Discuss the role of New Logistics Policy (NLP) in reduction of overall logistics cost and increase the competitiveness of domestic goods in the global market. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Indian Express
Why the question:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday unveiled the National Logistics Policy that seeks to address challenges facing the transport sector and bring down the logistics cost of businesses from 13-14 per cent to a single digit.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the advantages of NLP in boosting up exports and Indian economy.
Structure of the answer:
Introduction: 
Begin by giving aims and objectives of New Logistics Policy (NLP).
Body:
First, write about the various features of New Logistics Policy (NLP) launched by the government.
Next, write about the various issues plaguing the logistic sector in the country.
Next, write about the benefits that the New Logistics Policy (NLP) will bring to improve exports, reduce logistic cost, generate employment etc.
Next, write about the limitation of the above.
Conclusion:
Conclude by writing a way forward.
 
Introduction
Recently, the Government has launched a National Logistics Policy (NLP) 2022, aiming to achieve ‘quick last-mile delivery’, end transport-related challenges. Logistics encompasses planning, coordinating, storing, and moving resources —people, raw materials, inventory, equipment, etc., from one location to another, from the production points to consumption, distribution, or other production points.
The term “logistics” describes the total process of controlling the acquisition, storage, and delivery of resources to their intended location.
 
Body
At the launch of the PM Gati Shakti-National Master Plan for multi-modal connectivity in October 2021, PM had said: “According to a study, the logistical cost in India is about 13% of GDP. Such a situation does not exist in developed countries. Due to high logistical cost, the competitiveness of India’s exports is greatly reduced”.
Need for a logistics policy
 
National logistics Policy: Role in reducing cost and increasing competitiveness
Objectives
Features
Significance
 
Conclusion
Multimodal connectivity with last mile options are the goals to be achieved. This will boost manufacturing in India, and will make Indian products competitive in the global market. Currently government offsets the inefficiencies through incentives and scrips which can be done away with.
 
 
Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;
6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)
“The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated.” ― Mahatma Gandhi
Difficulty level: Moderate
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.
Structure of the answer:
Introduction: 
Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.
Body:
Write about as to how animal ethics can serve as an indicator of the moral progress of the nation. Write about the various underlying factors behind it. Cite examples from the recent past and measures taken by India in this regard.
Conclusion:
Summarise by highlighting the importance of the honesty in the present day.
 
Introduction
Animals have always been the constant companion of human beings since the beginning of life on planet. The start of civilization started from the domestication of animals, and in the earlier times , people took good care of animals and consider them as part of their families. But increasingly with commercialization, man resorted to the exploitation of animals, sometimes even subjecting them to utmost cruelty.
Body
In this context, the statement of mahatma Gandhi holds utmost importance. Animals can’t express themselves, can’t complain and can’t agitate for their rights. This result in unabated abuse of their rights
Conclusion
Therefore, true moral progress can only be reflected by how much we care about fellow living beings. Though there are enabling legislations like prevention of cruelty against animal act, organizations like PETA etc., still the real welfare of animals would begin from removal of general public apathy. That would be the first step in achieving moral greatness of a nation
 
 
Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;
7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)
We see morality in speeches and writings. We do not find it in practice.” ― Periyar E.V. Ramasamy
Difficulty level: Easy
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.
Structure of the answer:
Introduction: 
Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.
Body:
Write about the theoretical aspect of morality and how it is preached but not practised, mention the factors that lead to this. Write about the ways how one can practice what is preached. Substantiate with examples.
Conclusion:
Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.
Introduction
Mahatma Gandhi always stated “Practice what you preach”. During the freedom struggle, Gandhi stressed on a national participation for freedom struggle which would involve suffering. He himself underwent fasting and taking the British oppression with full force which motivated people for the cause of freedom. His message had a ‘backbone’ to it. So, the closer you are to mirroring whatever the message is that your communicating, the more powerful the message will come across.
Body
Ethics is difficult to practice because it’s not always white and black, there’s always a lot of grey. Sometimes its easy to choose the shorter path or the easy path rather than the difficult path. For instance, being honest is a virtue we preach. But when it comes to us admitting a wrong doing we shy away from it instantly.
Reasons why we preach but not practice ethics
In a society, everyone knows corruption is bad and affects society as a whole but when it comes to their own situation people defend being corrupt saying it is part of the society. Similarly, untouchability is a crime. People say one should respect anyone irrespective of ascriptive criteria however when their own child wants to marry a scheduled caste person, relatives and parents oppose.
Likewise In the digital world there are thousands of blogs out there that teach personal development, yet only a select few that actually give sound advice. The reason behind that is that it’s simple to read information and rewrite it but putting oneself in one’s shoes is difficult.
Even in international relations, same is the case. USA always take a moral high ground of doing the right things. The way it left Afghan people to scramble for their lives after making a deal with Taliban will always be a black mark in history.
Conclusion
Walk the talk, practice what you preach is the philosophy when it comes to ethics. However, in real life in real situations people tend to take the easy way out. It is widely believed that we ought not to criticize others for wrongs that we ourselves have committed.  This is the message of the quote.
 
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